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Cases of rabies in Colima: what is this illness and how is it detected in time?

by Trend News
4 minutes read

Colima God the surprise this year with the first cases of rabia registered for 30 years in Mexico. First, on the 31st of January, this illness was detected in a hospital perro; subsequently, on February 4th, it was confirmed in a human. This is why the local Health Secretary has started a preventive vacunacion campaign to avoid the transfer of this illness.

What is rabies?

De acuerdo with the Organización Panamericano de la Salud (OPS), Rabies is a viral zoonosis which affects all mammals, if these are pets or rescues, including humans, and is transmitted through contact with saliva infected through the medium of bites or scratches.

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For the first time in 30 years, rabies is confirmed on a mountain in Colima

Colima reports the first case of rabies in humans, which had been eradicated for more than 30 years

The main transmitter of rabies to humans is the perro

This virus has more presence 150 paises from all continents; Asymism is responsible for 60 million annual deaths across the planet and, generally, rabies is transmitted to humans by biting infected pears.
On the American continent this type has survived transmission in search of a 98%, so that in Mexico there have been cases for 30 years without cases of this virus appearing in people; However, this year the first case was detected in a human and in a human.

Are cases of rabies common?

The official continental registers registered it 300 cases were registered in 1983 de rabia, but para 2020only if detected doswhich represents a notable advance in the prevention of this illness, but which only has its presence in Latin America and the Caribbean, although United States (EU) and Canada are free from it.
Since 1983, OPS has been responsible for the coordination of the Regional Rabia Elimination Program human transmission to perros, which highlights technical cooperation to all countries in the region, encouraging post-exposure prophylaxis.

How do you detect rabies?

The period of incubation rabies usually lasts for two to three months; However, there are cases where it can manifest itself in a few weeks or for as long as a year, everything will depend on the time. However, the symptoms are usually the same: fever, pain and body sensations, pain or pain in an unusual or inexplicable wound.
You can also desarrollar two types of rabies: the furious or the paralytic. In the first instance, the patient presents hyperactivity, excitation, hallucinations, impaired coordination, hydrophobia (mied in water) y aerophobia (I go to the corridors of the air or to the free air). Finally, death occurs in a cardiorespiratory way.
In the second type of rabies, the least known, the muscles gradually become paralyzed, becoming more vulnerable to injury. Next, the patient He slowly goes into a coma and dies.

Murciélagos can also transmit rabies

The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that the treatment can alleviate the symptoms but in a few cases leads to cure and the survivors suffer from serious neurological deficits, as in the medicine the virus clears up, connects to the central nervous system, a progressive inflammation of the cerebro and spinal cord.

How do you get rabies?

From acuerdo with the WHO, the treatment will depend on the type of contact which should be kept with the presumably rabid animal; The types of contacts are categorized into three levels and, consequently, the treatment also.
The first type is when you touch or feed rabid animals or there is a bite that leaves the skin intact. In this case it is recommended to wash the exposed surface and not require prophylactic medicines placed on exposure (PPE).
For the second case, which is when there is a bite and/or scratch that will damage the skin, it is recommended wash the wound and vacuum immediately.
Lastly, when there are various bites or transdermal scratches with mucosal contamination or the contact was with a mucus, it is recommended wash the wound, vacunate immediately and administer immunoglobulin antirábic or anticuerpos monoclonales.

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